By Munini Mutuku
Date of publication: October 2013
Kenya Policy Brief No 5: Towards National Dialogue, Healing and Reconciliation in Kenya
The signing of the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation (KNDR) Agreement following the post-election violence of 2007â€“2008 marked the beginning of the first national political dialogue on issues affecting national cohesion in Kenya. The agreement, which was designed to promote and facilitate an environment conducive to building mutual trust and confidence, involved representatives of the two competing political formations (the Orange Democratic Movement, or ODM, and the Party of National Unity, or PNU), together with the African Union Panel of Eminent African Personalities. The parties to the KNDR unanimously agreed on the need to ensure its effective implementation at various levels in reference to a range of targeted and agreed-upon timeframes. This was in order to consolidate the peace process by identifying Kenya’s long-standing challenges and underlying causes of the violence that was witnessed in the country following the disputed results of the 2007 elections. The KNDR Agreement also proposed the establishment of institutions, the adoption of policy frameworks and the enactment of legislation to address the underlying causes of the post- election violence.
This Policy Brief proposes sector- and actor-specific recommendations for dialogue, national healing and reconciliation.